A hazard reduction burn being undertaken by the National Parks and Wildlife Service near Heathcote, which escaped containment lines on the weekend, will be reviewed by the agencies involved so that lessons can be learned for the future.
Around 90 firefighters needed assistance from six water-bombing aircraft - including the Rural Fire Service's 737 Large Air Tanker Marie Bashir - to combat the blaze on Kangaroo Ridge, to the right of the Princes Highway.
The blaze, which has now burnt more than 420 hectares, was under control as of Tuesday.
It is believed to have been started on Saturday by a spot fire from the hazard reduction burn at Abaroo, which jumped from the western side of the highway to the east, according to RFS spokesman Greg Allan.
The Princes Highway between Heathcote and Waterfall had to be closed on Saturday afternoon for several hours while train services were also suspended.
Sutherland Shire RFS Inspector Scott Deller said hazard reduction burns were risky and were reviewed when they didn't go to plan.
"Introducing fire into the landscape is inherently risky, particularly as we head towards the warmer part of the year," Inspector Deller said in a Facebook post.
"When implementing such activities, multiple controls are applied both in the planning and implementation stage, to reduce and manage the risk," Inspector Deller said.
"One of the main controls utilised is referred to as a 'prescription'. A prescription is a set of conditions or parameters that provide limits or thresholds on whether an activity should proceed or not, based on expected fire behaviour.
"A burn prescription often includes parameters such as fuel dryness, in addition to diurnal weather conditions peaks and troughs, such as temperature, humidity, wind direction and strength.
"Choosing a prescription is a complex mix of the right ingredients - with flexibility applied by balancing and offsetting various conditions, which are highly variable."
Inspector Deller said, regarding "recent events", there would be community scrutiny surrounding the safe implementation of hazard reduction burning, as there should be,
"In any event when things don't go to plan, it will be subject to review by the various agencies who participated. The aim of which is to understand what occurred and to ensure that reoccurrence is avoided in the future."
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