Bus lanes on the Princes Highway, more 30km/h zones and turning the Wollongong CBD into a "cycling city" are among the proposals in the Illawarra-Shoalhaven Regional Transport Plan.
Missing are any announcements of faster train services between Wollongong and Sydney beyond those measures already announced.
The plan, due to be released on Wednesday, includes 71 initiatives to plan for the region's transport future over the next two decades.
"An extra 100,000 people are expected to call the Illawarra-Shoalhaven home within 20 years, so it is important that we have the right transport services and infrastructure in place to support the region's growth," Transport and Roads Minister Andrew Constance said.
Among those is a concerted push to get people to choose walking, cycling or public transport over driving, which the plan stated accounts for 83 per cent of all trips in the region.
With the expected population boost in the region, the plan stated people would need to look at different ways to get around.
"With parts of the region's transport network already experiencing congestion, accommodating the anticipated growth in travel over the next 20 years without behavioural change would require significant investment in additional road infrastructure, which is likely to be cost prohibitive, challenging to deliver and unsustainable over the longer term," the plan stated.
To encourage greater bus use, the report stated Transport for NSW would investigate the introduction of bus lanes on key routes like the Princes Highway, Shellharbour Road and Memorial Drive.
The introduction of transit lanes - for cars carrying multiple passengers - is also an option.
Speed zone reviews will be undertaken across the region, with a view to considering areas that could be suitable for the introduction of a 30km/h speed zone.
There are fresh plans to link the Illawarra with western Sydney - but not by rail.
"Acknowledging the growing importance of the connection between the Illawarra-Shoalhaven and Western Sydney, Transport for NSW will investigate improved bus services between the two regions, linking Metro Wollongong with the established centres of Campbelltown, Appin, and Picton, and the emerging Greater Macarthur and Wilton Growth Areas," it stated.
In terms of freight rail, the Maldon-Dombarton does get some attention - but not any mention of a start or completion date.
"To address the growing need for additional rail capacity to and from the Port of Port Kembla, Transport for NSW will investigate the completion of Maldon to Dombarton Line to facilitate additional freight movement between the Illawarra-Shoalhaven and Western Sydney," it stated.
The transport plan also figured now was the time to turn metro Wollongong into a "cycling city".
"Transport for NSW will work with Wollongong City and Shellharbour City Councils to develop a Principal Bicycle Network for the Wollongong and Shellharbour Local Government Areas to ensure a seamless cycle network regardless of the asset owner," the plan stated.
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